Palm Sunday or Palmarum
2 April 2023 – Today is Palm Sunday or Palmarum, the Sunday before Easter. This day still falls under Tempus Clausum, but luckily we have two cantatas today, both from years when Palm Sunday fell on the day of Annunciation (March 25th), the only day during Lent when music was permitted in mass in Leipzig.
So I can present again the two cantates created for Annunciation: Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern, BWV 1 and Himmelskönig, sei willkommen, BWV 182, a cantata from the Weimar period. You can read more information about these cantatas in my post for Annunciation: https://whichbachcantata.be/cantata-days/annunciation.html
But because you already heard these 2 cantatas not too long ago, I've added something else to today's playllist. In 1899 Willem Mengelberg, conducting the Concertgebouw Orchestra, first performed the Matthaeus Passion on Palm Sunday at the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam. This tradition continues to this day, with a yearly performance on Palm Sunday not only of the Matthaeus but also the Johannes Passion.
For many years, together with close family, I attended that performance in Amsterdam, which for me was always very emotional. So today I've added the Johannes Passion to the playlist, less known and performed than the Matthaeus, but equally deserving.
To be clear and accurate, the Johannes Passion was first performed on Good Friday 1724, but on Good Friday I'm already presenting you the Matthaeus... And 2 passions on one day may be a bit too much, no?
- Himmelskönig, sei willkommen, BWV 182
(first performance 25 March 1714, Weimar period)
- Passio secundum Joannem, BWV 245
(first performance 7 april 1724, Leipzig period)
- Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern, BWV 1
(first performance 25 March 1725, Leipzig period)
The Netherlands Bach Society website (in Dutch) has more information and a performance of BWV 245, the Johannes Passion:
WBC25-Palm Sunday or Palmarum
Choose one of these streaming services to listen to this playlist:
Image of the day
The Entry into Jerusalem, 14th century painting by Giotto (c.1267-1337).